Trends Identified

Additive Manufacturing
The next frontier in manufacturing
Top 50 Emerging Technologies 2017
Frost & Sullivan
Additive manufacturing
Progressively adding material to make a product take shape is an unprecedented approach to manufacturing that warrants new business models and implies significant changes to existing industries. However, this technology must overcome several challenges, both technical and regulatory, if it is to permeate industrial processes on a large scale.
OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016
Additive manufacturing
As the name suggests, additive manufacturing is the opposite of subtractive manufacturing. The latter is how manufacturing has traditionally been done: starting with a larger piece of material (wood, metal, stone, etc), layers are removed, or subtracted, to leave the desired shape. Additive manufacturing instead starts with loose material, either liquid or powder, and then builds it into a three-dimensional shape using a digital template. 3D products can be highly customized to the end user, unlike mass-produced manufactured goods. An example is the company Invisalign, which uses computer imaging of customers’ teeth to make near-invisible braces tailored to their mouths. Other medical applications are taking 3D printing in a more biological direction: by directly printing human cells, it is now possible to create living tissues that may find potential application in drug safety screening and, ultimately, tissue repair and regeneration. An early example of this bioprinting is Organovo’s printed liver-cell layers, which are aimed at drug testing, and may eventually be used to create transplant organs. Bioprinting has already been used to generate skin and bone, as well as heart and vascular tissue, which offer huge potential in future personalized medicine. An important next stage in additive manufacturing would be the 3D printing of integrated electronic components, such as circuit boards. Nano-scale computer parts, like processors, are difficult to manufacture this way because of the challenges of combining electronic components with others made from multiple different materials. 4D printing now promises to bring in a new generation of products that can alter themselves in response to environmental changes, such as heat and humidity. This could be useful in clothes or footwear, for example, as well as in healthcare products, such as implants designed to change in the human body. Like distributed manufacturing, additive manufacturing is potentially highly disruptive to conventional processes and supply chains. But it remains a nascent technology today, with applications mainly in the automotive, aerospace and medical sectors. Rapid growth is expected over the next decade as more opportunities emerge and innovation in this technology brings it closer to the mass market.
Top 10 emerging technologies of 2015
World Economic Forum (WEF)
Additive Manufacturing in 2030: how the next Gutenberg revolution may bring production 
back to Europe

Additive Manufacturing (AM, also referred to as 3D printing) refers to the process by which three-dimensional products are built from the bottom up, adding material layer-by-layer on the basis of a digital file. Through this additive approach it is possible to manufacture complex shapes and intricate parts at near 100% material utilisation that could not have been made by traditional means. Due to its flexibility, its potential to fundamentally alter the production cycle and to ‘democratise manufacturing’, some believe AM and 3D printing to be the precursor of an ‘Industry 4.0’, a shift to a digitalised, automated and data-oriented manufacturing industry.
Global Trendometer - essays on medium- and long-term global trends
European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS)
Addressing greater expectations
As technology and other factors create an environment of higher transparency, CEOs have set their radar on a wide range of stakeholders. Customers remain the top priority, with 90% of CEOs indicating they have a high or very high impact on their business strategy (see Figure 6). But government and regulators come in second (cited by 69% of CEOs). That’s higher than industry competitors and peers (67%) and no doubt reflects CEOs’ enduring concerns about over-regulation in the marketplace. The views of these and other stakeholders, including employees and investors, aren’t just evolving but diverging, as CEOs have told us. Customer behaviour, in particular, has become more complicated as values and buying preferences evolve. The three biggest trends CEOs see as most influencing those views – technological advances, demographic changes and global economic shifts – as well as the interactions between them, are only going to continue to drive change (see Figure B, Looking for more data?, page 34).
19th Annual global CEO survey
Adoption of big data and other data-driven management techniques
Geostrategic risks on the rise
Advanced (smart) materials and devices
We believe novel and advanced materials and devices for sensors, actuators, and wireless communications, such as tunable glass, smart paper, and ingestible transmitters, will create an explosion of exciting applications in healthcare, packaging, appliances, and more. These technologies will also advance pervasive, ubiquitous, and immersive computing, such as the recent announcement of a cellular phone with a foldable screen. The use of such technologies will have a large impact in the way we perceive IoT devices and will lead to new usage models.
IEEE Computer Society Predicts the Future of Tech: Top 10 Technology Trends for 2019
IEEE Computer Society
Advanced autonomous systems
Advanced autonomous systems are on the rise: Algorithmic trading with no human in the loop already accounts for around 50% of all stock-market trading, and some parts of the car manufacturing process have automation levels of above 90%. These systems will gain more capabilities in the future enabling their widespread use in many market domains. While these systems make a strong contribution to productivity and can perform jobs which are dull, dirty and dangerous for humans, there is a danger of them eliminating a large number of jobs in a relatively short time frame. In addition, they pose a challenge for established legal concepts such as liability.
Preparing the Commission for future opportunities - Foresight network fiches 2030
European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS)
Advanced Diagnostics for Personalized Medicine - A new generation of tools could help end one-size-fits-all therapeutics.
For most of the 20th century all women with breast cancer received similar treatment. Therapy has since become more individualized: breast cancers are now divided into subtypes and treated accordingly. Many women whose tumors produce estrogen receptors, for instance, may receive drugs that specifically target those receptors, along with standard postsurgery chemotherapy. This year researchers took a step closer to even more personalized treatment. They identified a significant fraction of patients whose tumors possess characteristics that indicate they can safely forgo chemo—and avoid its often serious side effects.
Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2018
Scientific American
Advanced Domestic Waste Sorting and Recycling System
Recycling technology which categorizes waste materials into metal, plastic, paper, etc., maximizing recycling and waste-to-energy recovery
10 emerging technologies in 2017
South Korea, Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP)